Spain occupies the largest position on the Iberian peninsula. It is a country with very different cultures, languages, eating habits and even climate. The differences, in particular among the Catalans and the Basques, are the reason for a long and ardent desire to form an independent country of their own. In the north, the Pyrenees form the border with France. In the south is another mountain range, the Sierra Nevada, which makes it possible to enjoy the snow and the beach in one day. Deserts even occur in the center of the country.
Spain as camper land
Under certain conditions, wild camping is allowed in Spain, except in national parks. Overnight accommodation is allowed along motorways.
A general rule in Spain is that as a driver you must be able to pay full attention to traffic and have control over the vehicle. This means, among other things, that you must have a clear view, that you are not allowed to eat or drink behind the wheel, that you are not allowed to drive with bare feet or that you are allowed to sit behind the wheel in your swimsuit. Holding a mobile phone is also prohibited, even when the vehicle is stopped at a traffic light. Hands-free calling is allowed, but not with earplugs in the ear.
Toll roads are identified by the letters AP, toll-free highways by the letter A.
In Spain, shark teeth are not used, but a thick dashed line to indicate priority situations. Junctions marked with a yellow square may only be driven if they can be passed without stopping. Traffic on a roundabout always has priority. A roundabout may only be left from the outer ring. Any maneuver on a roundabout must be announced with the arrow.
Bicycles on a luggage rack must be provided with a reflective white aluminum or plastic board of 50 x 50 cm with three diagonal stripes. This is a different sign than is mandatory for Italy!
Campers longer than 12 meters must be provided with marking plates. See the website of the ANWB. It is annoying that these plates are prohibited in other countries when the camper is not heavier than 3500 kg.
Cyclists are required to wear a helmet outside built-up areas, except in extreme weather (eg heat). In the dark, bicycles must have permanent lighting. A trailer behind the bicycle is prohibited.
Dogs must be secured with a harness, behind a net or in a crate.
New rules in 2021:
When you overtake a cyclist in Spain with the camper, you are obliged to keep a distance of at least two meters from the cyclist and to drive at least 20 kilometers per hour slower than the maximum speed applicable there. Motorists are only allowed to overtake when they have a good view. On B roads it is permitted to divert to the opposite lane, if otherwise no two meters can be kept. Failure to observe these rules can result in a fine of 200 euros.
Spain as a motor country
In Spain it is recommended to have a reflective vest with you in case of breakdown.
Lanes specially designed for cars without a multi-passenger trailer (Vehícolos con alta occupación) may also be used by motorcyclists.